A dental crown is used to entirely cover or "cap" a tooth. It is a porcelain tooth-shaped cover that fits over damaged or weakened teeth to restore their shape and improve their strength, biting function and aesthetic.
Your dentist may recommend a crown to:
Replace a large filling when there is not enough tooth remaining
Protect a weak tooth from fracturing
Restore a fractured tooth
Attach a bridge
Cover a dental implant
Cover a discoloured or poorly shaped tooth
Cover a tooth that has had root canal treatment
The dentist will begin by reducing the size of the natural tooth so the restoration can fit correctly.
They'll then use a putty-like material to take an impression of your mouth, which will be sent to a dental laboratory to be made into a crown.
Once ready, the customised crown will be permanently bonded to the natural tooth so that it remains in place.
You need to attend two appointments for this procedure. The first takes around 90 minutes; this is when the dentist will take the impressions. Two weeks later you return for around 20 minutes and the dentist can fit the crown for you.
Your dentist can usually perform general crown procedures, however, if you require specialised care your dentist may refer you to a specialist Prosthodontist.
A bridge is a fixed appliance designed to replace one or more missing teeth. It can be supported by natural teeth, implants or a combination of teeth and implants.
Can make it easier to chew food.
Can help increase confidence and self-esteem with a complete smile.
Less expensive than an implant and can be completed over two appointments.
Your dentist can usually perform general bridging procedures, however, if you require specialised care your dentist may refer you to a specialist Prosthodontist.
A filling (or restoration) is often needed when there is significant decay or damage to one or more of your teeth. A local anaesthetic will be administered where necessary.
First, any decayed or damaged tooth is removed to prepare the cavity for the placement of a filling material. The type of material used will depend on the individual needs of the tooth.
The affected area will then be cleaned and filled with the filling material.
If an anaesthetic has been used, it is important not to drink anything hot or eat until the numbness wears off.
Your dentist can usually perform general fillings, however, if you require specialised care your dentist may refer you to a specialist Prosthodontist.
Available in full or partial sets, a denture is a removable plate with one or more artificial teeth attached. It is sometimes referred to as a dental plate.
Helps prevent movement of teeth.
Can make it easier to chew food.
Helps with speech and increases confidence.
Your dentist can usually perform general denture procedures, however, if you require specialised care your dentist may refer you to a specialist Prosthodontist.
Tooth whitening is a bleaching process that lightens the discoloured enamel and dentine of your teeth. Depending on your needs, you can either do this yourself at home or have your dentist do it for you.
This is where your dentist applies a gel to the front surfaces of your (front) teeth and shines a light to cause a chemical reaction and break down any discoloration or staining on your teeth.
Take home whitening:
Your dentist will create a custom-made mouthpiece to be filled with a special bleaching gel and inserted into your mouth, and provide you with advice for best results.
Wisdom teeth usually do not push through the gums until late teens or early twenties. These teeth may require extraction due to crowding, pain, infection or decay. A full mouth X-ray (OPG) is used to determine whether the extraction will be surgical or non-surgical. In most cases the procedure can be done under local anaesthetic.
Your dentist can usually perform general wisdom teeth extractions, however, if you require specialised care your dentist may refer you to a specialist Oral Surgeon.
A root canal is a procedure that can help save a tooth when it becomes badly damaged due to decay, disease or injury. The dentist can save the tooth by replacing its damaged or infected pulp with a filling.
Root canal is generally completed over two or three visits
During the first visit, the dentist will remove the nerve and any infection present in the tooth or gum
Next, they’ll re-clean the canals and place a medicated dressing.
Finally, the infection-free canals will be closed with medication and a rubbery seal. A permanent filling will then be placed over the tooth
Your dentist can usually perform general root canal procedures, however, if you require specialised care your dentist may refer you to a specialist Endodontist.